THE WINDOW, ROOFING AND SIDING DETAILS YOU NEED TO CONSIDER DURING THE CUSTOM HOME BUILDING PROCESS

WINDOWS

What window styles are you interested in for your new home?

Traditional double hung windows are ideal for just about any room. They feature two sashes that slide vertically and tilt-in for easy cleaning.

Modern sliding windows have two or three sashes and slide left or right.

Casement windows are hinged on one side and open with a crank.

Hinged at the top and open outward. Often placed below larger fixed windows to allow for ventilation.

Picture windows don’t open but provide maximum viewing and natural light.

If you’re looking for a dramatic view, bay windows are a good choice. Three windows extend from an exterior wall, with the middle window typically being fixed, and two operable side windows.

Bow windows also open up any room to the outdoors. Four or more windows form a curve, and the windows can be fixed or operable.

Garden windows are often found in kitchens and project out from the home to allow the perfect amount of sunshine to filter through the four sides for growing plants or spices.

Hoppers are your typical basement windows. They are hinged at the bottom and open inward at the top.

What window design features are appealing to you?

Choose from various interior and exterior colors for your window frames and trim accessories.

If elegance is what you’re looking for, than designer glass is for you. Classic and original patterns add old world style and sophistication while contemporary styles offer hints of Deco and Modern Prairie. Or, consider going with a designer glass option that features obscure glass to create a focal point and conversation starter in any room.

Think a round window will suit a space better than the typical rectangle? Give it a try! Quarter rounds, extended eyebrow and half circle windows are unique choices as well.

Finally, grilles and hardware in various patterns and finishes complete the windows you choose for your home.

What window materials are you considering?

Aluminum doors and windows are very lightweight and durable; the material is resistant to corrosion and does not rust. Maintaining aluminum windows is quick, easy and cheap as you’ll never have to paint them. Aluminum is ideally suited for construction of large doors and sliding windows thanks to the robustness of the material. They are also environmentally friendly and resistance to flame damage. One disadvantage of aluminum is that it doesn’t have the insulating qualities of vinyl and wood windows. Therefore, it works well in warmer climates but not as well in parts of the country with long winters. Aluminum is the least “green” of all window types, are more prone to condensate and are susceptible to corrosion in salt water environment.

Vinyl’s insulating properties make vinyl windows a very energy efficient type of window. They are durable and will not peel, blister or fade; you will never have to sand or paint the window frames. Vinyl is the least expensive of all window materials and come in many styles, sizes and colors. Some disadvantages to vinyl windows are; they may discolor in extreme weather conditions, custom (nonstandard) window sizes can get expensive and they don’t add much value to the home during resale as compared to aluminum or wood.

Wooden windows offer the best insulation value; they are extremely strong and durable and can be painted or stained to match any decor. They are renewable and can be fabricated into a variety of shapes and sizes. Wooden windows also provide a great return on investment since they are preferred by many home buyers. Some disadvantages of wooden windows are the higher cost of materials, the regular maintenance required and their susceptibility to rot, mold and mildew.

What window performance options are important to you?

Double or triple panes of glass with gas fills offer up to nine times the insulation of single-pane windows, while the right Low-E option helps maintain the temperature of your home.

U-Factor, Solar Heat Gain Coefficient, and Visible Light Transmittance all combine to make sure your windows are as energy efficient as possible, saving you on heating and cooling costs.

Keep the sound of traffic and neighbor’s outside with sound-control windows.

UV rays can damage your carpet and upholstered furniture. Look for windows that provide coatings to prevent those harmful rays from ruining your interior.

ROOFING

What Materials Are Available For Roofing?

  • The most commonly used of all roof materials, 80% of residential roofing
  • A fiberglass medium that’s been impregnated with asphalt and then given a surface of sand-like granules.
  • Two basic configurations:
    • The standard single-thickness variety – cost half as much, last 15 years plus
    • And thicker, laminated products – have an appealing textured appearance and last roughly half
  • Available in traditional 3-tab shingles or thicker laminated architectural shingles.
  • Easy to install
  • Dozens of colors
  • 15-30 year life expectancy
  • Not eco-friendly but can be recycled
  • Moderate weight
  • Good fire resistance, fair wind resistance
  • Algae-resistant shingles are available in humid climates to prevent staining.
  • Least expensive option
  • Usually made of cedar, redwood, or southern pine
  • Gives natural look, weathers to a silvery gray
  • Available in sawn shingles or thicker split shakes
  • 15-25 year life expectancy
  • Good wind resistance, low fire resistance unless treated
  • Moderate weight
  • Moderate cost
  • Usually aluminum, steel, zinc alloy
  • Available in sheets for seamed roofs or in shingles
  • Can come with either a zinc coating or painted finish
  • Durable, last longer, 50+ year life expectancy
  • Good resistance to fire and wind
  • Lightweight
  • Can be installed with the fasteners hidden (standing seam) or exposed
  • Eco-Friendly – can be recycled
  • Moderate cost
  • Made from a mixture of Portland cement and sand
  • A less expensive alternative to clay tiles
  • Can be made to resemble traditional clay tiles, wood shakes, or slate
  • Very durable, 50+ year life expectancy
  • Very heavy, require reinforced roof framing to support
  • Very fire resistant, fair to low wind resistance
  • Moderate cost
  • Made to resemble slate or wood shakes
  • 50+ year life expectancy
  • Very durable high-tech synthetic material
  • Can be recycled
  • Light to moderate weight
  • Good fire and wind resistance
  • Moderate cost
  • Available in sheets for seamed roofs or in shingles
  • Installed uncoated and acquire a protective green patina with age
  • Durable, last longer
  • Good resistance to fire and wind
  • Can be installed with the fasteners hidden (standing seam) or exposed
  • Eco-Friendly – can be recycled
  • Lightweight
  • High cost
  • Natural clay fired in a kiln
  • Unique half cylinders appearance, traditional Italian or Spanish look
  • Can also be made to resemble wood shakes or slate
  • Very durable, 50+ year life expectancy
  • Excellent fire resistance, fair to low wind resistance
  • Heavy, require reinforced roof framing to support
  • High cost
  • Made from natural slate rock
  • 75+ year life expectancy, among the most durable of all roofing materials
  • Wind and fire resistant
  • Steep sloped roofs only
  • Heavy, require reinforced roofing structure to support
  • Very expensive, requires specially trained workers to install

Commonly Asked Roofing Questions

Traditional 3-tab asphalt shingles

Slate roofs are the most expensive option

Clay tile roofs have excellent fire resistance

EXTERIOR SIDING

What Materials Are Available For My Home’s Exterior?

Made from clay and shale, brick’s appeal comes from its classic beauty, durability and low maintenance. Bricks come in an ever-increasing variety of colors, including shades of red, orange, tan, gray, rust, and brown, as well as black and white. Options in the texture of brick are also available and range from rough to smooth.

According to a study, brick ranked the highest as the choice for home exteriors with 34% of respondents preferring it over stone, stucco, wood and vinyl.

Wood siding comes in clapboard, shakes and shingles. Wood clapboard siding uses planks of wood installed horizontally with an upper piece that overlaps the lower piece. Western red cedar, redwood, or other woods known for being attractive and durable, are considered the best choices.

Fiber cement is a composite material made up of cement reinforced with cellulose fibers. It masquerades as wood or masonry, wears like concrete, and survives even the harshest elements. With regular TLC, your fiber cement siding can last 50 years or more.

Benefits

  • Withstands weather, water, time, fire and pests.
  • ColorPlus is a pre-painted product that has 50% more paint than your average house painter uses and between coats, the finish is cured in a controlled environment for an even stronger bond that resists chipping, peeling and cracking.
  • Does not crack in cold weather like vinyl or wood.
  • Water resistant to protect against swelling, cracking and damage from mold.
  • 30-year, non-prorated warranty and trim products come with a 15-year, non-prorated warranty.

James Hardie Products (in primed or ColorPlus):

  • HardiePlank® Lap Siding – 8.25” plank with 7” reveal
  • HardieBoard® – sheet of fiber cement that can be cut to fit specific areas
  • HardieShingle® Siding – looks like cedar shake siding
  • HardiePanel® Vertical Siding – looks like board & batten siding
  • HardieTrim® Boards – trim that accentuates corners, columns, fascia, doors, windows and more
  • HardieSoffit® Pre-Cut Panels – fiber cement panels used on the underside of eaves
  • Artisan® by James Hardie
  • HardieWrap® Weather Barrier

Stucco or render is a construction material made of Portland cement, lime, sand and water. Stucco is applied wet and hardens to a very dense solid. Stucco provides a durable and seamless home exterior finish and can be installed using many different textures and colors.

Advantages of Stucco Siding

  • Incredible insulator of both warm and cool air – Its energy efficiency is one of the main reasons stucco is such a popular siding choice in areas of extreme heat.
  • Seamless Beauty – you can’t beat the appearance of a good stucco finish. The smooth, traditional, southwestern look of stucco as a siding material is hard to beat.
  • Versatility – You can add coloring, artistic designs, mosaics and murals into your stucco walls.

The materials used to create stucco do not react well to excess moisture, so stucco should not be used in especially humid climates. Stucco siding is among the most expensive siding options.

The fiber cement panel material is made to look like real wood at a fraction of the cost. It can also be ordered to look like a variety of other building materials, such as metal, block, stone and brick.

Features

  • Provides the natural, rich look of wood with the durability of fiber cement.
  • Eliminates the drawbacks of natural wood siding.
  • Withstands extreme weather elements and provides color stability.
  • Exudes sophistication and fits works well in both modern and traditional architecture styles.
  • Can be installed both vertically and horizontally.
  • Hidden fasteners provide a clean and beautiful look.

Vinyl siding was introduced in the 1950’s as an alternative to aluminum siding. It is the most frequently used siding option in the United States today. Vinyl siding consists of two layers, the top layer or capstock and a second layer known as the substrate. These layers primarily consist of polyvinyl chloride and resin. The top layer uses a titanium dioxide for both coloration and protection against UV light damage. The second layer contains limestone to facilitate the manufacturing process and decrease costs. Vinyl siding available in a variety of colors and can mimic architectural details that were once made of other siding materials.

In Regards to Performance, How Do The Various Exterior Material’s Compare?

1) Stucco, 2) Wood 3) Brick 4) Vinyl

1) Brick 2) Wood 3) Vinyl 4) Stucco

1) Brick 2) Vinyl 2) Wood 3) Stucco

1) Vinyl 2) Wood 3) Stucco 4) Brick

1) Brick 2) Stucco 3) Vinyl 4) Wood

1) Brick 2) Vinyl 3) Stucco 4) Wood

1) Vinyl 2) Wood 3) Stucco 4) Brick

Commonly Asked Brick Exterior Questions

Brick costs 6-7% more than vinyl. However, respondents to a study stated that they would pay an additional $7,500 for brick.

Yes, brick increases property values by approximately 6%.

Brick houses are built to last 100 years.

Durable – Brick houses are built to last 100 years.

Weather and Fire Resistant – Brick exteriors can withstand bad weather, including high winds, hail or other flying debris better than other materials, and are noncombustible. Brick will often have lower homeowner’s insurance premiums.

Low-maintenance – durable, high color retention, does not rot or dent.

Sound Proof – brick can block more sound from outside than other exterior materials.

Energy Efficient – although not the best option for extreme temperatures, brick insulates the home and delays the movement of heat through walls, keeping warm air in during winter, and out in summer. This reduces heating and cooling bills by approximately 8%.

Handles Moisture Without Issue – brick is not water proof but is able to absorb and release moisture without any damage.

Eco-friendly – brick is made from clay and shale, the most abundant materials on earth.

Commonly Asked Wood Siding Questions

If properly maintained, wood siding can last up to 100 years.

Wood siding is often used on high-end homes. It is a favorite of builders for its beauty. The look of wood clapboard siding cannot be equaled other manufactured materials.

Wood siding requires little maintenance besides periodic painting (every 7-10 years) or staining (every 5 years) to prevent weather damage. Although most clapboard is naturally resistant to decay and rot, wood siding is susceptible to insects or rodents if not properly maintained and sealed. Cracked or broken boards should be replaced to keep any moisture and insects out.

Wood siding is approximately 3 times more expensive than vinyl siding, but is similar or slightly less expensive than brick.

Wood siding can be made from many different woods but most often is redwood or cedar. Cedar is the most popular, due to it being highly weather and insect-resistant, extremely durable, and performs well when exposed to the elements, such as high winds and hail.

Although not necessary, wood siding can be painted for protection from moisture.

  • The most common clapboard is plain bevel, which is installed horizontally with boards being thicker on the bottom that taper to the top.
  • Another type is rabbeted bevel. Also installed horizontally, it is thicker than the beveled siding, and has a groove in the bottom of the piece that allows for overlap.
  • Tongue and groove siding is very easy to install and comes in a wide range of patterns and sizes.
  • Shiplap siding contains a tight “flush joint” profile. It forms a tight seal while absorbing the movement of the house frame well.

Wood siding had these types of issues, when it first came out in the 1950s. Its performance has greatly improved due to upgrades in the product’s chemistry and better installation techniques.

Commonly Asked Cement Siding Questions

Fiber cement siding is said to be more durable than wood, but does require some maintenance. It is termite resistant, water resistant, non-combustible and can be warranted for as long as 50 years. Some fiber cement siding may be required to be painted every 4-5 years depending on the top coat applied.

Fiber cement is known as a sustainable or green alternative to traditional vinyl or aluminum siding. With its overall durability and low maintenance requirements fiber cement siding offers little if any waste. Also some manufacturers are now using fiber cement siding made from recycled materials. Is fiber cement siding appropriate for all climates? Manufacturers emphasize that fiber cement is appropriate for all climates. Fiber cement siding is water and rot resistant making it ideal for hot and humid climates. It also has excellent weathering characteristics, strength and impact resistance making it a great choice for more harsh climates.

Commonly Asked Vinyl Siding Questions

Vinyl siding requires little if any maintenance, never needs to be painted, and if damaged can be easily replaced. To maintain a fresh appearance vinyl siding should be washed at least once a year.

Vinyl siding is manufactured to last a very long time. Warranties for vinyl siding can range from 20-40 years depending on the thickness with many manufacturers now offering lifetime warranties that can be transferred to the next owner. Vinyl siding is resistant to heat, cold, and moisture and is certified to withstand winds up to 110 miles per hour.

Vinyl siding is the most affordable siding option on the market. The value added advantages of vinyl include its low total installed cost – lower than all other materials because vinyl siding goes up faster and doesn’t need painting. Also, on average, homeowners who remodel with vinyl will recoup nearly 80% on the cost of the installation thus increasing the value of the home.

  • Vinyl siding offers excellent resistance to water intrusion and costs much less than Fiber Cement.
  • Vinyl siding does not support mold or mildew growth.
  • Vinyl siding is easy to clean.
  • Newer, better-quality vinyl siding products that Artistic Exteriors offers are thicker, have long-lasting finishes, and have smooth or high-definition wood-grain surface that looks like fiber cement or real wood.
  • Minimal maintenance is required with vinyl siding.
  • Improve insulation and reduce your energy bills with vinyl siding.